Urologic surgery in gynecologic oncology: A large single-institution experience

B. Costantini, G. Vizzielli, F. Fanfani, A. D'Addessi, A. Ercoli, N. Avenia, P. A. Margariti, V. Gallotta, G. Scambia, A. Fagotti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective The increasing tendency to a tailored treatment in gynecologic oncology has required the extension of the intervention to other non-gynecological structures, as the urinary district. Moreover the role of the urological surgery in gynecologic oncology is still not completely explored. The objective of the study is to evaluate the occurrence of urological procedures in gynecologic oncology surgery. Methods Patients admitted to the Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Catholic University of Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy, between January 2009 and December 2012, were retrospectively analyzed. Clinical charts identified the occurrence of urological procedures in major gynecological surgery. Results A total of 728 patients were analyzed for the study. A total of 204 urologic procedures were carried out in 83 patients. In all patients, preoperative hydronephrosis appears to be the only statistically significant predisposing factor to urological procedures. At multivariate analysis, stratifying data for different neoplasm, recurrence was the only adjunctive significant variable for ovarian cancer, as well as neo-adjuvant treatment and recurrence for cervical cancer. Conclusions This study has identified preoperative factors influencing the needing of urological procedures in different gynecologic neoplasms, allowing a proper planning of surgical treatment, tailored on each patient.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-761
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Gynecological malignancies
  • Surgery
  • Urological procedures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Surgery


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