Ultrasound-fluoroscopy guided access to the intrarenal excretory system

E. Montanari, M. Serrago, N. Esposito, B. Rocco, I. Kartalas-Goumas, A. Del Nero, G. Zanetti, A. Trinchieri, E. Pisani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The access to the collecting system can be performed under fluoroscopy computerized tomography, ultrasonographic, mixed ultrasonographic and fluoroscopic guidance. In this paper the creation of a percutaneous transparenchymal ultrasound-fluoroscopy guided access to the intrarenal collecting system completely performed by urologist for different purposes is presented. In five years 297 patients underwent 330 percutaneous kidney accesses to perform derivative nephrostomies (217 pts), percutaneous nephrolithotomies (37 pts), antegrade ureteral manoeuvres (34 pts), antegrade endopyelotomies (7 pts), transitional cell carcinoma of the upper tract resection (2 pts). 11 patients out of these had a percutaneous kidney access in a transplanted kidney. The percutaneous access was successful in 98% of the attempts. A posterior calyx of the lower group (74%), of the medium group (25%) or of the upper group (1%) was accessed. In 73 accesses the mean target calyx diameter was 12.8 mm (range 5-45 mm), the mean operative time 5.4 minutes and the mean fluoroscopy time 5.1 seconds. In 84.5% of the patients the access was performed under local anesthesia when a dilation of the tract was not required. Gross haematuria was observed in 3.9% of the accesses and an arterial lesion treated by embolization in 0.9% of the accesses. Blood transfusion was required in 0.3% of the patients. The ultrasound-fluoroscopy guided access is at least as precise as the fluoroscopy guided one moreover it makes the procedure less invasive and it makes more precise the surgical planning.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-181
Number of pages14
JournalAnnales d'Urologie
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1999


  • Fluoroscopy
  • Nephrostomy
  • Percutaneous renal access
  • Ultrasonography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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