Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsies in patients taking aspirin for cardiovascular disease: A meta-analysis

Luca Carmignani, Stefano Picozzi, Giorgio Bozzini, Ercole Negri, Cristian Ricci, Maddalena Gaeta, Marco Pavesi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: The management of anti-platelet therapy in the peri-operative period is a source of great concern. The dilemma is between whether to stop these agents peri-operatively in order to reduce the risk of bleeding complications, or to continue them in order not to compromise the protection they afford against the risk of cardiovascular events. Materials and methods: The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to understand whether continued aspirin therapy is a risk factor for bleeding complications after ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate. A bibliographic search covering the period from January 1990 to May 2011 was conducted in PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE. We also included our own series in the analysis. Results: A total of 3218 participants were included. Haematuria was statistically more frequent (P=0.001) among patients taking aspirin than in the control group with an odds ratio estimate of 1.36 [1.13; 1.64]. This increased risk was, however, due to minor bleeding. The occurrence of rectal bleeding and haematospermia was not statistically increased (P=0.33 and P=0.24, respectively) in patients taking aspirin compared to in the control group with odds ratios estimate of 1.24 [0.80; 1.93] and 1.52 [0.75; 3.08], respectively. Discussion: There is limited information of the relationship between continued use of aspirin and haemorrhagic complications after transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy of the prostate. This is the first comprehensive analysis on this topic. Conclusion: Continued use of aspirin does not increase the risk of overall bleeding or moderate and severe haematuria after prostatic biopsy, and thus stopping aspirin before such biopsies is unnecessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-280
Number of pages6
JournalTransfusion and Apheresis Science
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


  • Aspirin
  • Biopsy
  • Cancer
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Myocardial infarction
  • Prostate
  • Prostate cancer
  • Vascular disease

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology


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