Transglutaminase-2 differently regulates cartilage destruction and osteophyte formation in a surgical model of osteoarthritis

A. Orlandi, F. Oliva, G. Taurisano, E. Candi, A. Di Lascio, G. Melino, L. G. Spagnoli, U. Tarantino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Osteoarthritis is a progressive joint disease characterized by cartilage degradation and bone remodeling. Transglutaminases catalyze a calcium-dependent transamidation reaction that produces covalent cross-linking of available substrate glutamine residues and modifies the extracellular matrix. Increased transglutaminases-mediated activity is reported in osteoarthritis, but the relative contribution of transglutaminases-2 (TG2) is uncertain. We describe TG2 expression in human femoral osteoarthritis and in wild-type and homozygous TG2 knockout mice after surgically-induced knee joint instability. Increased TG2 levels were observed in human and wild-type murine osteoarthritic cartilage compared to the respective controls. Histomorphometrical but not X-ray investigation documented in osteoarthritic TG2 knockout mice reduced cartilage destruction and an increased osteophyte formation compared to wild-type mice. These differences were associated with increased TGFβ-1 expression. In addition to confirming its important role in osteoarthritis development, our results demonstrated that TG2 expression differently influences cartilage destruction and bone remodeling, suggesting new targeted TG2-related therapeutic strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)755-763
Number of pages9
JournalAmino Acids
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009


  • Cartilage
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Osteophyte
  • TGF-β1
  • Transglutaminase-2

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Organic Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Transglutaminase-2 differently regulates cartilage destruction and osteophyte formation in a surgical model of osteoarthritis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this