Total Ankle Arthroplasty With Valgus Deformity

Camilo Piga, Camilla Maccario, Riccardo D’Ambrosi, Fausto Romano, Federico Giuseppe Usuelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: A substantial coronal plane deformity is common in the context of end-stage ankle osteoarthritis. Recent literature shows a trend toward extending the indication of total ankle arthroplasty in increasingly severe coronal deformities, showing promising results when correct alignment is achieved. Nevertheless, the results of lateral transfibular total ankle replacement (LTTAR) in valgus has not been extensively studied. We aimed to evaluate if the outcomes of LTTAR in ankles with valgus deformity were similar to those with no major deformity at short-term follow-up. Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 228 LTTARs. Patients were classified into 2 groups according to the preoperative coronal plane tibiotalar angle (TTS): neutral (less than 10 degrees of coronal deformity, 209 patients) and valgus (above 10 degrees of valgus, 19 patients). Clinical evaluation was performed using the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, visual analog scale (VAS), 12-Item Short Form Health Survey 12 (SF-12) regarding its Physical and Mental Component Summary items. The radiographic evaluation considered anteroposterior and lateral ankle radiographs. Complications were also registered and classified as major or minor. The minimum follow-up was 2 years. Results: The average AOFAS, VAS, and SF-12 scores improved significantly postoperatively (P <.001), without differences between groups. At final radiographic follow-up, the valgus alignment group did not show significant differences with the neutral alignment group regarding TTS, lateral distal tibial angle, or anterior distal tibial angle (P >.05). Conclusion: LTTAR in cases with valgus deformity achieved and maintained correction at short-term follow-up, as obtained in neutral alignment ankles. Clinical outcomes improved significantly regardless of preoperative valgus deformity. Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level III, retrospective cohort study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)867-876
Number of pages10
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2021


  • coronal deformity
  • malalignment
  • total ankle replacement
  • valgus deformity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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