Tolerance of heat-treated kiwi by children with kiwifruit allergy

Alessandro Fiocchi, Patrizia Restani, Luca Bernardo, Alberto Martelli, Cinzia Ballabio, Enza D'Auria, Enrica Riva

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Kiwifruit allergy is increasing among children but whether heating affects clinical tolerance to kiwifruit is unknown. To assess tolerance to heated kiwifruit in children allergic to fresh kiwifruit. In this prospective trial, 20 children (median age 9.4 yr) with a history of immediate allergic reactions to fresh kiwifruit underwent double-blind placebo-controlled food challenges with steam-cooked (100 °C for 5′) and industrially homogenised kiwifruit. Skin prick tests with a commercial kiwifruit allergen, raw kiwifruit and double-blind placebo-controlled food challenge with 25 g of fresh kiwifruit were used to confirm the history. Specific kiwifruit IgE to native and homogenized fruit were identified by immunoblotting. Fresh kiwifruit induced positive skin prick wheals in all children (confirmed during challenge in 19 patients). Commercial skin prick test elicited a positive response in five children, steam-cooked kiwifruit in five, and the homogenised kiwifruit preparation in none. UniCAP

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)454-458
Number of pages5
JournalPediatric Allergy and Immunology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


  • Cooking
  • Food allergy
  • Homogenised
  • Kiwifruit
  • Pediatric
  • Weaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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