The ZNF75 zinc finger gene subfamily: Isolation and mapping of the four members in humans and great apes

Anna Villa, Dario Strina, Annalisa Frattini, Sara Faranda, Paolo Macchi, Palma Finelli, Fabio Bozzi, Lucia Susani, Nicoletta Archidiacono, Mariano Rocchi, Paolo Vezzoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We have previously reported (Villa et al. (1993), Genomics 18: 223) the characterization of the human ZNF75 gene located on Xq26, which has only limited homology (less than 65%) to other ZF genes in the databases. Here, we describe three human zinc finger genes with 86 to 95% homology to ZNF75 at the nucleotide level, which represent all the members of the human ZNF75 subfamily. One of these, ZNF75B, is a pseudogene mapped to chromosome 12q13. The other two, ZNF75A and ZNF75C, maintain an ORF in the sequenced region, and at least the latter is expressed in the U937 cell line. They were mapped to chromosomes 16 and 11, respectively. All these genes are conserved in chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans. The ZNF75B homologue is a pseudogene in all three great apes, and in chimpanzee it is located on chromosome 10 (phylogenetic XII), at p13 (corresponding to the human 12q13). The chimpanzee homologue of ZNF75 is also located on the Xq26 chromosome, in the same region, as detected by in situ hybridization. As expected, nucleotide changes were clearly more abundant between human and orangutan than between human and chimpanzee or gorilla homologues. Members of the same class were more similar to each other than to the other homologues within the same species. This suggests that the duplication and/or retrotranscription events occurred in a common ancestor long before great ape speciation. This, together with the existence of at least two genes in cows and horses, suggests a relatively high conservation of this gene family.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)312-320
Number of pages9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics


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