The relationship between socioeconomic status and narrative abilities in a group of Italian normally developing children

Francesco Mozzanica, Federico Ambrogi, Renata Salvadorini, Elena Sai, Raffaella Pozzoli, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Only limited and conflicting information is available regarding the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and narrative abilities. Besides, the role fathers' SES plays in the development of their children's narrative abilities has never been investigated. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between fathers' and mothers' SES and narrative abilities of their children assessed with the Italian version of the Bus Story Test (I-BST). Subjects and Methods: A total of 505 normally developing Italian children were enrolled in the study. Information regarding parents' educational level and employment was collected for each child. Narrative abilities were evaluated using the I-BST. The relationships between parents' employment, educational level, and I-BST scores were analyzed by univariate and multivariate regression analysis. Results: In univariate analysis, both fathers' and mothers' education and employment were associated with most I-BST subscale scores, especially when higher educational and employment levels were contrasted with the lowest educational and employment levels. In multiple regression analysis, significant associations were found only between the fathers' working status and educational level and I-BST subscale scores. Conclusions: Parental education and employment might impact narrative abilities of children. When both fathers' and mothers' SES variables are considered together, only fathers' education and working status seemed to be associated with I-BST scores.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-140
Number of pages7
JournalFolia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Bus Story Test
  • Narration
  • Narrative abilities
  • Retelling task
  • Socioeconomic status

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing
  • LPN and LVN


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