The prognostic impact of histology in esophageal and esophago-gastric junction adenocarcinoma

R Fiocca, L Mastracci, M Lugaresi, F Grillo, A D’errico, D Malvi, P Spaggiari, A Tomezzoli, L Albarello, A Ristimäki, L Bottiglieri, E Bonora, KK Krishnadath, GD Raulli, R Rosati, UF Romario, G De Manzoni, J Räsänen, S Mattioli, on behalf of the EACSGE Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Stage significantly affects survival of esophageal and esophago-gastric junction adenocarcinomas (EA/EGJAs), however, limited evidence for the prognostic role of histologic subtypes is available. The aim of the study was to describe a morphologic approach to EA/EGJAs and assess its discriminating prognostic power. Histologic slides from 299 neoadjuvant treatment-naïve EA/EGJAs, resected in five European Centers, were retrospectively reviewed. Morphologic features were re-assessed and correlated with survival. In glandular adenocarcinomas (240/299 cases—80%), WHO grade and tumors with a poorly differentiated component ≥6% were the most discriminant factors for survival (both p < 0.0001), distinguishing glandular well-differentiated from poorly differentiated adenocarcinomas. Two prognostically different histologic groups were identified: the lower risk group, comprising glandular well-differentiated (34.4%) and rare variants, such as mucinous muconodular carcinoma (2.7%) and diffuse desmoplastic carcinoma (1.7%), versus the higher risk group, comprising the glandular poorly differentiated subtype (45.8%), including invasive mucinous carcinoma (5.7%), diffuse anaplastic carcinoma (3%), mixed carcinoma (6.7%) (CSS p < 0.0001, DFS p = 0.001). Stage (p < 0.0001), histologic groups (p = 0.001), age >72 years (p = 0.008), and vascular invasion (p = 0.015) were prognostically significant in the multivariate analysis. The combined evaluation of stage/histologic group identified 5-year cancer-specific survival ranging from 87.6% (stage II, lower risk) to 14% (stage IVA, higher risk). Detailed characterization of histologic subtypes contributes to EA/EGJA prognostic prediction. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.
Original languageEnglish
Article number5211
JournalCancers
Volume13
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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