The impact of rifaximin in the prevention of bacterial infections in cirrhosis

M. Mariani, V. Zuccaro, S. F.A. Patruno, L. Scudeller, P. Sacchi, A. Lombardi, M. Vecchia, P. Columpsi, P. Marone, G. Filice, R. Bruno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


OBJECTIVE: Bacterial infections are a leading factor in the progression from compensated to decompensated cirrhosis, with consequent worsening of the prognosis, and concerted efforts have been made to reduce infections and improve the survival rate of these patients. We retrospectively investigated the rate of infections in hospitalized cirrhotic patients under treatment with rifaximin.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 649 patients whose clinical and personal data, prescribed therapy, microbiological findings and laboratory tests were collected from previous discharge letters and our institution database. The efficacy of rifaximin in preventing several types infection was evaluated by comparing outcomes for rifaximin-treated patients vs patients receiving no antibiotic treatment.

RESULTS: The risk of developing selected bacterial infections was significantly lower in patients treated with rifaximin (OR 0.29; 95% CI 0.20-0.40, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Continuous treatment with rifaximin may prevent bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1151-1158
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (medical)


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