The effects of gender on electrical therapies for the heart: Procedural considerations, results and complications

Igor Diemberger, Raffaella Marazzi, Michela Casella, Francesca Vassanelli, Paola Galimberti, Mario Luzi, Alessio Borrelli, Ezio Soldati, Pier Giorgio Golzio, Stefano Fumagalli, Pietro Francia, Luigi Padeletti, Gianluca Botto, Giuseppe Boriani

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Use of cardiac implantable devices and catheter ablation is steadily increasing in Western countries following the positive results of clinical trials. Despite the advances in scientific knowledge, tools development, and techniques improvement we still have some grey area in the field of electrical therapies for the heart. In particular, several reports highlighted differences both in medical behaviour and procedural outcomes between female and male candidates. Women are referred later for catheter ablation of supraventricular arrhythmias, especially atrial fibrillation, leading to suboptimal results. On the opposite females present greater response to cardiac resynchronization, while the benefit of implantable defibrillator in primary prevention seems to be less pronounced. Differences on aetiology, clinical profile, and development of myocardial scarring are the more plausible causes. This review will discuss all these aspects together with gender-related differences in terms of acute/late complications. We will also provide useful hints on plausible mechanisms and practical procedural aspects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1911-1921
Number of pages11
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2017


  • Ablation
  • Arrhythmia
  • CIED
  • Defibrillator
  • Gender
  • Review
  • Sex

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


Dive into the research topics of 'The effects of gender on electrical therapies for the heart: Procedural considerations, results and complications'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this