The cellular basis of the efficacy of the trinuclear platinum complex BBR 3464 against cisplatin-resistant cells

Paola Perego, Laura Gatti, Claudia Caserini, Rosanna Supino, Donato Colangelo, Roberto Leone, Silvano Spinelli, Nicholas Farrell, Franco Zunino

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Multinuclear platinum compounds have been designed to circumvent the cellular resistance to conventional mononuclear platinum-based drugs. In this study we performed a comparative study of cisplatin and of the triplatinum complex BBR 3464 in a human osteosarcoma cell system (U2-OS) including an in vitro selected cisplatin-resistant subline (U2-OS/Pt). BBR 3464 was extremely potent in comparison with cisplatin in U2-OS cells and completely overcame resistance of U2-OS/Pt cells. In both cell lines, BBR 3464 accumulation and DNA-bound platinum were higher than those observed for cisplatin. On the contrary, a low frequency of interstrand cross-links after exposure to BBR 3464 was found. Differently from the increase of DNA lesions induced by cisplatin, kinetics studies indicated a low persistence of interstrand cross- link formation for BBR 3464. Western blot analysis of DNA mismatch repair proteins revealed a marked decrease of expression of PMS2 in U2-OS/Pt cells, which also exhibited microsatellite instability. Studies on DNA mismatch repair deficient and proficient colon carcinoma cells were consistent with a lack of influence of the DNA mismatch repair status on BBR 3464 cytotoxicity. In conclusion, the cytotoxic potency and the ability of the triplatinum complex to overcome cisplatin resistance appear to be related to a different mechanism of DNA interaction (formation of different types of drug-induced DNA lesions) as compared to conventional mononuclear complexes. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-64
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Inorganic Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 1999


  • BBR 3464
  • Cisplatin resistance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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