The 10-day mark is a good way to diagnose not only acute rhinosinusitis but also adenoiditis, as confirmed by endoscopy

Gian Luigi Marseglia, Fabio Pagella, Catherine Klersy, Salvatore Barberi, Amelia Licari, Giorgio Ciprandi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: Acute rhinosinusitis (ARS) usually presents with respiratory complaints that persist for more than 10 days with no sign of improvement. This 10-day mark is considered to separate simple upper viral respiratory infection from ARS. Thus, the aim of the study was to evaluate a group of children with suspected ARS by performing nasal endoscopy. Methods: This cross-sectional study evaluated 287 consecutive children (152 males and 135 females, aged between 2 and 15 years), in whom ARS was suspected. A detailed clinical history was recorded for each patient and a thorough physical examination was carried out by an allergist-paediatrician. Patients were also evaluated by an ENT specialist who performed nasal endoscopy. Results: Endoscopy confirmed the clinical diagnosis of rhinosinusitis in 256 patients (89.2%). Isolated rhinosinusitis was diagnosed in 80.85% of cases (207 patients), whereas it was associated with adenoiditis in 49 (19.15%) children. Twenty patients had adenoiditis alone (7%). The distribution of the isolated and combined diagnoses differed significantly between age groups (p = 0.015), particularly between the youngest and oldest group (post hoc test p = 0.005). Conclusions: This study suggests that the endoscopy is a valuable tool in diagnosing children with suspected ARS and with adenoiditis too. Moreover, the age influences the diseases' pattern.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)581-583
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2007


  • 10-Day mark
  • Acute rhinosinusitis
  • Adenoiditis
  • Endoscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery


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