Survey of PDA management in very low birth weight infants across Italy

Study Group of Neonatal Cardiology of the Italian Society of Neonatology, B. Ficial, I. Corsini, S. Fiocchi, F. Schena, I. Capolupo, R.M. Cerbo, M. Condò, D. Doni, S. La Placa, S. Porzio, K. Rossi, S. Salvadori, M. Savoia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: The optimal management of PDA in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants is still controversial. Aim of our study was to investigate the management of PDA in the Italian neonatal intensive care units (NICU). Methods: We conducted an on-line survey study from June to September 2017. A 50-items questionnaire was developed by the Italian Neonatal Cardiology Study Group and was sent to Italian NICUs. Results: The overall response rate was 72%. Diagnosis of PDA was done by neonatologists, cardiologists or both (62, 12 and 28% respectively). PDA significance was assessed by a comprehensive approach in all centers, although we found a heterogeneous combination of parameters and cut-offs used. None used prophylactic treatment. 19% of centers treated PDA in the first 24 h, 60% after the first 24 h, following screening echocardiography or clinical symptoms, 18% after the first 72 h and 2% after the first week. In the first course of treatment ibuprofen, indomethacin and paracetamol were used in 87, 6 and 7% of centers respectively. Median of surgical ligation was 3% (1-6%). Conclusions: Significant variations exist in the management of PDA in Italy. Conservative strategy and targeted treatment to infants older than 24 h with echocardiographic signs of hemodynamic significance seemed to be the most adopted approach.

Original languageEnglish
Article number22
JournalItalian Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2020


  • Neonatologist performed echocardiography
  • PDA management
  • Preterm infants
  • Survey
  • ibuprofen
  • indometacin
  • paracetamol
  • cardiologist
  • cross-sectional study
  • echocardiography
  • enteric feeding
  • epidemiological data
  • fluid therapy
  • health survey
  • human
  • infant
  • Italy
  • ligation
  • medical care
  • neonatal intensive care unit
  • neonatologist
  • patent ductus arteriosus
  • prophylaxis
  • questionnaire
  • Review
  • symptom
  • very low birth weight


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