Sexual dysfunction in male patients with multiple sclerosis: A need for counseling

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Sexuality and sexual health are significant factors in determining the quality of life (QoL). Multiple sclerosis (MS) is one of the most serious causes of neurological disability in young adults, therefore it can considerably reduce sexuality. Physical and cognitive symptoms of MS as well as mental and psycho-social issues can directly affect sexual life and body representation, causing reduced libido and self-esteem. Male patients with MS frequently develop sexual dysfunction (SD) as a result of their neurological impairment: in fact physical, psychological and neuropsychological changes indirectly interfere in the sexual response. Thus, MS physicians' greater concern on SD has led to the enhancement of diagnostic and therapeutic diagnoses on neurogenic SD. Given the increasing number of people coping with MS, a more effective focus on MS-related problems, including SD, is absolutely essential to provide the patients and their partner with the necessary information to achieve a better sexual health and consequently improve their QoL. This review aims to investigate the epidemiology and pathophysiology of SD in male patients, provide an insight into multidisciplinary diagnostic and therapeutic approaches, and focus on the need of proper counseling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-557
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Neuroscience
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Counseling
  • Male sexual dysfunction
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Medicine(all)


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