Self-awareness rehabilitation after Traumatic Brain Injury: A pilot study to compare two group therapies

Jessica Rigon, Roberto Burro, Cecilia Guariglia, Manuela Maini, Dario Marin, Paola Ciurli, Umberto Bivona, Rita Formisano

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Background and Purpose: Deficits of self-awareness (SA) are very common after severe acquired brain injury (sABI), especially in traumatic brain injury (TBI), playing an important role in the efficacy of the rehabilitation process. This pilot study provides information regarding two structured group therapies for disorders of SA. Methods: Nine patients with severe TBI were consecutively recruited and randomly assigned to one SA group therapy programme, according either to the model proposed by Ben-Yishay Lakin (1989) (BL Group), or by Sohlberg Mateer (1989) (SM Group). Neuropsychological tests and self-awareness questionnaires were administered before and after a 10 weeks group therapy. Results: Results showed that both SA and neuropsychological functioning significantly improved in both groups. Conclusion: It is important to investigate and treat self-awareness, also to improve the outcome of neuropsychological disorders. The two group therapies proposed seem to be specific for impulsivity and emotional dyscontrol and for cognitive disorders.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)115-127
Number of pages13
JournalRestorative Neurology and Neuroscience
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Self-awareness disorders
  • traumatic brain injury
  • group therapy
  • rehabilitation
  • GLMMs

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