School and pre-school children with type 1 diabetes during Covid-19 quarantine: The synergic effect of parental care and technology

Riccardo Schiaffini, Fabrizio Barbetti, Novella Rapini, Elena Inzaghi, Annalisa Deodati, Ippolita P. Patera, Maria C. Matteoli, Paolo Ciampalini, Chiara Carducci, Antonella Lorubbio, Gabriele Schiaffini, Stefano Cianfarani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Management of Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) poses numerous challenges, especially for young children and their families. Parental care positively influences the outcomes of children with T1D, while there are often criticisms in school environment. The COVID-19 pandemic has forced children and parents to spend many hours at home and diabetes care has returned mainly in the hands of parents. Aim of the study: To evaluate the effectiveness of exclusive return to parental care in pre-school and school children with T1D treated with Tandem Basal IQ system during the COVID-19 pandemic. Patients and methods: 22 children (M:F = 14:8) with T1D have been evaluated. We compared insulin and CGM data (TIR, TBR and TAR) of two periods: PRE-COV and IN-COV, in which children have transitioned from normal school attendance to the exclusive care of their parents. Results: During the IN-COV period a significantly (p < 0.001) higher median value of TIR (66,41%) was observed as compared to PRE-COV period (61,45%). Patients also showed a statistically significant difference (p < 0.002) between the IN-COV period and the PRE-COV period as concerning the TAR metric: respectively 29,86 ± 10,6% vs 34,73 ± 12,8%. The difference between the bolus insulin doses was statistically significant (PRE-COV 5,3 IU/day, IN-COV 7,9 IU/day – p < 0.05). Conclusion: Our observational real-life study confirms the positive effect of parental care in T1D very young children and demonstrates that during the COVID-19 pandemic it was possible to obtain a good glycometabolic compensation despite the significant change in lifestyle.

Original languageEnglish
Article number108302
JournalDiabetes Research and Clinical Practice
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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