RTW in back conditions

Mauro Zampolini, Mara Bernardinello, Luigi Tesio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose. Back conditions are a group of impairments that induce limitation of activities and restriction of participation, in particular delaying the Return to work (RTW). The purpose of this review is to analyse the components involved in RTW. Method. We have included the studies and reviews about the intervention, assessment tools, variables used to forecast the RTW and the cost-benefit ratio. Results. We found a relevant number of studies concerning back conditions and Return to work. The evidence is moderate and the meta-analysis failed to show strong indications of efficacy.The better interventions to facilitate RTW are multidisciplinary, not necessarily intensive but taking into account a bio-psycho-social approach. The predictor of RTW does not only concern impairment (pain, rigidity etc.), but the self-estimation of ability is also important to forecast RTW. Intervention seems to be cost-effective if we calculate the saving cost in pension. Conclusions. Comprehensive bio-psycho-social approaches seem to be the better modality of intervention to facilitate the RTW. More research is needed to obtain more knowledge about these issues. Particular attention should be placed on the choice of outcome measures and the cost-effectiveness of interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1377-1385
Number of pages9
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Issue number17
Publication statusPublished - 2007


  • Low back pain
  • Occupational therapy
  • Outcome assessment
  • Physical therapy
  • Return to work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Health Professions(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'RTW in back conditions'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this