Role of sinoaortic reflexes in hemodynamic patterns of natural defense behaviors in the cat.

G. Baccelli, R. Albertini, A. Del Bo, G. Mancia, A. Zanchetti

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To evaluate whether sinoaortic afferents contribute to the hemodynamic pattern of fighting, cardiovascular changes associated with fighting were studied in cats before and after sinoaortic denervation. Sinoaortic denervation exaggerates the decrease in heart rate, cardiac output, and arterial pressure during immobile confrontation (hissing, staring but no movement). During nonsupportive fighting (fighting with forelimbs while lying on one side) and supportive fighting ( fighting while standing on four feet) sinoaortic denervation reduces the increase in heart rate and cardiac output, minimizes the mesenteric vasoconstriction, induces a fall in arterial blood pressure, but does not affect iliac vasoconstriction or vasodilatation. The hemodynamic pattern of fighting is similarly changed by temporary inactivation of carotid sinus baroreflexes by common carotid occlusion as by chronic section of sinoaortic nerves. It is concluded that sinoaortic reflexes play an important role in the cardiovascular patterns accompanying natural fighting. They favor cardiac action and allow a marked visceral vasoconstriction to occur, thus minimizing or preventing a fall in blood pressure during emotional behavior.

Original languageEnglish
JournalThe American journal of physiology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1981

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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