Reversible and asymptomatic gyral and subarachnoid contrast enhancement after carotid stenting

Alessandra Briatico Vangosa, Domenico Tortora, Francesco Modestino, Antonio R. Cotroneo, Massimo Caulo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The presence of sulcal hyperdensity in patients after endovascular procedures is not necessarily attributable to hemorrhage. It may frequently indicate the absolute or concomitant extravasation of contrast material into the subarachnoid spaces. This case report describes the clinical case of an 84-year-old patient with 90% stenosis of the right internal carotid who presented with a diffuse gyral and sulcal hyperdensity in the right temporal-occipital and frontal lobes at routine postcarotid stenting (CAS) brain CT scan. The patient was asymptomatic and CT findings were interpreted as contrast enhancement hyperattenuation and no therapeutic decisions were made. A 24-hour follow-up brain CT demonstrated the complete resolution of the hyperdensity, confirming the diagnosis. In this patient we considered the concomitant presence of gyral and sulcal hyperdensity as the consequence of reversible damage to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) determining a transitory extravasation of contrast material. Asymptomatic gyral and subarachnoid contrast enhancement following CAS is generally indicative of benign and transitory damage to the BBB and is not to be misinterpreted as hemorrhage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-186
Number of pages3
JournalNeuroradiology Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2015


  • Carotid angioplasty and stenting
  • Contrast extravasation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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