Rethinking the role of long-acting atypical antipsychotics in the community setting

Alfredo Carlo Altamura, Eugenio Aguglia, Mariano Bassi, Filippo Bogetto, Lodovico Cappellari, Serafino De Giorgi, Andrea Fagiolini, Luigi Ferrannini, Paolo Girardi

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Schizophrenia is a relapsing and evolving condition, which requires treatment continuity. Increasing evidence shows that antipsychotic discontinuation is associated with relapse in most patients, and that early interventions have a positive impact on long-term outcomes. Poor adherence to antipsychotics is a major factor in the treatment of schizophrenia and a relevant risk factor for relapse. Considerable effort has been made toward improving adherence, including the development of long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics. LAIs have traditionally been reserved for patients with repeated nonadherence; currently, several misconceptions prevent their more widespread use. The recent introduction of LAI formulations of atypical antipsychotics and the encouraging results in terms of the reduction in relapse rates and avoidance of hospitalization warrant a reassessment of the role of LAIs in the management of schizophrenia. This paper presents the position of a panel of nine Italian schizophrenia experts on the use of novel LAI medications, with a focus on community-based services, the prevailing setting of schizophrenia treatment in Italy. The need to change the attitude toward LAIs-no longer a treatment of last resort, but a component of multimodal strategies leading patients to remission and rehabilitation-is emphasized. The paper also presents recommendations for LAI atypical antipsychotic use in the community setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)336-349
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Clinical Psychopharmacology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • antipsychotic agents
  • community health
  • medication adherence
  • medication compliance
  • olanzapine pamoate
  • paliperidone palmitate
  • risperidone
  • schizophrenia treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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