Resting energy expenditure in Parkinson’s disease patients under dopaminergic treatment

Michela Barichella, Emanuele Cereda, Samanta Andrea Faierman, Gabriele Piuri, Carlotta Bolliri, Valentina Ferri, Erica Cassani, Eleonora Vaccarella, Ornella Violetta Donnarumma, Giovanna Pinelli, Serena Caronni, Chiara Pusani, Gianni Pezzoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Weight homeostasis is complex in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and body weight changes substantially throughout the course of the disease. We designed a case–control study to (i) investigate whether PD is associated with changes in resting energy expenditure (REE), (ii) to assess how accurately REE could be predicted for individuals with PD utilizing the equations constructed for healthy individuals, and (iii) to eventually construct a new equation. Materials & Methods: Measured REE (mREE) was compared between 122 PD patients and 122 gender and body mass index (BMI)-matched controls. The accuracy of estimated REE by 5 common equations (Harris/Benedict-1919, Roza/Shizgal-1984, Mifflin St. Jeor, WHO/FAO and aggregate formula) was investigated in PD using Bland–Altman analysis and reported as the frequency of accurate predictions (±10%). Concordance correlation coefficients (CCC) were also calculated. Then, we regressed a new REE equation–using gender, age, weight, height and Hoehn-Yahr stage–and validated it in an independent sample (N = 100). Results: No significant difference in mREE was recorded between the whole PD sample and healthy controls. However, mREE was increased in patients with BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 and Hoehn-Yahr stage ≥ 3. Limited accuracy was present in the available REE equations (accurate prediction [±10%] frequency, <60% for all). For the new equation, the proportion of accurate prediction was 67.0% (overestimation, 24.0%) and CCC was 0.77. Conclusion: PD patients are not commonly characterized by an increase in REE. This is limited to patients suffering from obesity and more severe disease. Common REE equations appear to be inaccurate. The new predictive equation proposed in this study provided better REE estimates.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutritional Neuroscience
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020


  • basal metabolic rate
  • body weight
  • dopaminergic therapy
  • indirect calorimetry
  • levodopa
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • predictive equation
  • resting energy expenditure
  • weight homeostasis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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