The reimplantation of small or large extruded bone segments is one of the most complex clinical management scenarios in the treatment of open fractures. No consensus exists regarding the efficiency of this technique. The aim of the study was to analyse the clinical and radiological outcomes of Sterilization and Reimplantation Autograft (S.A.R.A.) technique in open fractures. Therefore, fifteen skeletally mature patients with Gustilo-Anderson -IIIB type fractures treated with autograft reimplantation, were included in this study. The sample size was divided in two groups: patients with a loss of small segments (Group A - less than 5 cm) and those with large segments (Group B - greater than 5 cm). Eight patients belonged to Group A and seven to Group B. The treatment of contaminated bone may be performed by the following protocols: saline rinse, povidone-iodine scrub and saline rinse, retain periosteum, immersion in antibiotic solution (clindamycin and gentamicin and metronidazole), washing with physiological solution, acute reimplantation in Group A or reimplantation after 21 days in Group B after a bone freezing at -80°C. The Radiographic Union Score (RUS), pain visual analogic score (VAS), patient satisfaction and return to work were assessed at a mean follow-up of 24 months. No cases of superficial or deep infection were reported at 2-year follow-up. The fractures achieved a complete union in 14 patients; one patient belonging to Group A had a malabsorption of the replanted bone. Furthermore, povidone-iodine scrub, antibiotic solution immersion, and washing with physiological solution preserved the articular surface morphology. This study suggests that reimplantation of extruded short or long segments may represent a reliable alternative to amputation in open long bone fractures. Further studies are needed to define the most efficient technique for sterilizing the bone autograft to reduce the complication rate.
|Pages (from-to)||223-230. Congress of the Italian Orthopaedic Research Society|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents|
|Issue number||4 Suppl. 3|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 3 2020|