Relationship between oral contraceptive therapy and estrogen receptor status in patients with breast cancer

Franco Lumachi, Mario Ermani, Filippo Marino, Loretta Di Cristofaro, Valeria Tombolan, Antonella Brunello, Anna Roma, Umberto Basso

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Breast cancer (BC) is the most common cancer in women, and the hormone receptor status is one of the most important prognostic factors in patients with BC. The aim of this study was to establish whether a relationship exists between the hormone receptor rate and the main classic risk factors in patients with BC. Patients and Methods: The data regarding a series of 351 consecutive women (median age 57 years, range 26-85 years) who had undergone curative surgery for primary BC was retrospectively reviewed. Eighty-seven (24.8%) patients used oral contraceptives. According to the duration of OC therapy, the patients were dichotomized into two Groups. Group A: less than 22 months (47 patients, 54%) and Group B: 22 months or more (40 patients, 46%). Results: Final pathology showed 15 (4.3%) pT1a, 62 (17.7%) pT1b, 133 (37.9%) pT1c, 125 (35.6%) pT2, and 16 (4.5%) pT3 BC. There were 286 (81.5%) infiltrating ductal, and 24 (6.8%) infiltrating lobular breast carcinomas. The average estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PgR) rate was 59.7±32.8 and 54.2±33.9, respectively. There was no relationship (p=NS) between either ER or PgR and the age of the patients, age at menarche and menopause, number of pregnancies, age at first pregnancy, number of spontaneous abortions, months of breastfeeding and the use of estrogen replacement therapy. As expected, ER and PgR rates correlated significantly (R=0.78, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)491-493
Number of pages3
JournalAnticancer Research
Issue number1 B
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008


  • Breast cancer
  • Estrogen receptor
  • Oral contraceptives
  • Progesterone receptor
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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