Radiographic evaluation of crestal bone level in split-crest and immediate implant placement: Minimum 5-year follow-up

GB Bruschi, P Capparé, Fabrizio Bravi, N Grande, E Gherlone, G Gastaldi, R Crespi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the radiographic bone level changes of implants positioned via the split-crest procedure both in the maxilla and mandible at a long-term follow-up. Materials and Methods: Seventy-one patients were retrospectively enrolled in the study. The placement of 137 dental implants was performed in the edentulous premolar or molar region after a split-crest ridge expansion procedure. Implants followed a delayed loading protocol. Intraoral digital radiographs were performed at baseline, upon implant placement, at 70 days (following placement of the provisional prosthesis), and on a yearly basis during followup. Crestal bone levels were evaluated at the baseline, upon provisional prosthesis placement, at 12, 36, and 60 months, and at the long-term follow-up of healing from implant placement. Results: The patients underwent a mean follow-up of 6.54 ± 1.32 years, from which the implant survival rate was reported at 98.54%. Within the first year from implant placement, a bone loss resulted at a mean value of -1.11 ± 0.44 mm. After almost 3 years from implant placement, a mean bone gain of +0.89 ± 0.39 mm was reported, which was statistically significant compared with 12-month values (P .05). Conclusion: A mean vertical bone gain of +0.89 ± 0.39 mm was observed after almost 36 months after implant positioning. © 2017 by Quintessence Publishing Co Inc.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)114-120
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Implants
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


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