PTH(1-34) for the primary prevention of postthyroidectomy hypocalcemia: The THYPOS trial

Andrea Palermo, Giuseppe Mangiameli, Gaia Tabacco, Filippo Longo, Claudio Pedone, Silvia Irina Briganti, Daria Maggi, Fabio Vescini, Anda Naciu, Angelo Lauria Pantano, Nicola Napoli, Silvia Angeletti, Paolo Pozzilli, Pierfilippo Crucitti, Silvia Manfrini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Context: There are no studies evaluating teriparatide for prevention of post-thyroidectomy hypocalcemia. Objective: Our objective was to evaluate whether teriparatide can prevent postsurgical hypocalcemia and shorten the hospitalization in subjects at high risk of hypocalcemia following thyroid surgery. Design: This was a prospective phase II randomized open-label trial. Setting: This trial was set on a surgical ward. Patients: Twenty-six subjects (six males, 20 females) with intact PTH lower than10 pg/ml 4 hours after thyroidectomy were included. Intervention: Subjects were randomized (1:1) to receive SC administration of 20mcgof teriparatide every 12 hours until the discharge (treatment group) or to follow standard clinical care (control group). Main Outcome Measure: Adjusted serum calcium, duration of hospitalization, and calcium/calcitriol supplementation were measured. Results: Overall, the incidence of hypocalcemia was 3/13 in treatment group and 11/13 in the control group (P = .006). Treated patients had a lower risk of hypocalcemia than controls (relative risk, 0.26 [95% confidence interval, 0.09-0.723)]). The median duration of hospitalization was 3 days (interquartile range, 1) in control subjectsand2 days (interquartile range, 0) in treated subjects P= .012). One month after discharge, 10/13 subjects in the treatment group had stopped calcium carbonate supplements, while only 5/13 in the control group had discontinued calcium. The ANOVA for repeated measures showed a significant difference in calcium supplements between groups at 1-month visit P= .04) as well as a significant difference between discharge and 1-month visit in the treatment group (P for interaction time group = .04) Conclusions: Teriparatide may prevent postsurgical hypocalcemia, shorten the duration of hospitalization, and reduce the need for calcium and Vitamin D supplementation after discharge in high risk subjects after thyroid surgery. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 101: 4039-4045, 2016).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4039-4045
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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