Production and post-surgical modification of VEGF, tPA and PAI-1 in patients with glioma

Andrea Salmaggi, Danilo Croci, Paola Prina, Laura Cajola, Bianca Pollo, Carlo E. Marras, Emilio Ciusani, Antonio Silvani, Amerigo Boiardi, Francesca L. Sciacca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Malignant gliomas are associated with risk of thromboembolism, but the molecular link between tumor and peripheral pro-coagulant status has not been elucidated. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF), tissue-type Plasminogen Activator (tPA), Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and lipoprotein (lp) (a) influence the pro-coagulant status. To assess whether the presence of the tumor influenced the peripheral levels of VEGF, tPA, PAI-1 and lp(a), we studied the expression and secretion of VEGF, tPA, PAI-1 and lp(a) in glioma specimens, in peripheral blood and in primary glioma-derived cultures. We also measured lp(a), VEGF, tPA and PAI-1 in the peripheral circulation of patients, before and after surgery for glioma. VEGF, tPA and PAI-1 were expressed in glioma specimens. Glioma cells were indeed a major source of tPA and PAI-1; these molecules were significantly more expressed in glioma than in patient's blood cells. Lp(a) was rarely expressed in glioma specimens and not expressed in blood cells. In glioma, VEGF, tPA and PAI-1 were localized mainly in tumor cells; tPA was localized also in the extracellular matrix and PAI-1 in tumor vascular lumen. Glioma cells were indeed able to produce and release VEGF, tPA and PAI-1. After surgery, peripheral levels of VEGF and PAI-1 were increased, while tPA and lp(a) were unchanged. The great amount of VEGF, tPA and PAI-1 produced by glioma could influence peripheral levels of these molecules. The partial resection of the tumor by surgery was not able to decrease plasma levels of these molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)204-209
Number of pages6
JournalCancer Biology and Therapy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2006


  • High grade glioma
  • lp (a)
  • PAI-1
  • Thromboembolism
  • tPA
  • VEGF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cancer Research
  • Oncology


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