Prioritising children and adolescents in the tuberculosis response of the WHO European Region

Matthias I. Gröschel, Martin van den Boom, Giovanni Battista Migliori, Masoud Dara

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


In 2017, in recognition of the challenges faced by Member States in managing childhood and adolescent tuberculosis (TB) at a country level, the WHO Regional Office for Europe held a Regional Consultation. In total, 35 countries participated in the consultations representing both high- and lowincidence Member States. Here, we provide an overview of the existing World Health Organization (WHO) documents and guidelines on childhood and adolescent TB and describe the outcomes of this regional meeting. National childhood and adolescent TB guidelines are available in 25% of Member States, while 33% reported that no such guidelines are at hand. In the majority of countries (83%), childhood and adolescent TB is part of the National Strategic Plan. The most pressing challenges in managing paediatric TB comprise the lack of adequate drug formulations, the difficult diagnosis, and treatment of presumed latent TB infection. Investments into childhood and adolescent TB need to be further advocated to achieve the End TB goals set by WHO to eliminate TB by 2030.

Original languageEnglish
Article number180106
JournalEuropean Respiratory Review
Issue number151
Publication statusPublished - Mar 31 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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