Preclinical imaging evaluation of mirnas’ delivery and effects in breast cancer mouse models: A systematic review

Francesca Maria Orlandella, Luigi Auletta, Adelaide Greco, Antonella Zannetti, Giuliana Salvatore

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Background: We have conducted a systematic review focusing on the advancements in preclinical molecular imaging to study the delivery and therapeutic efficacy of miRNAs in mouse models of breast cancer. Methods: A systematic review of English articles published in peer-reviewed journals using PubMed, EMBASE, BIOSIS™ and Scopus was performed. Search terms included breast cancer, mouse, mice, microRNA(s) and miRNA(s). Results: From a total of 2073 records, our final data extraction was from 114 manuscripts. The most frequently used murine genetic background was Balb/C (46.7%). The most frequently used model was the IV metastatic model (46.8%), which was obtained via intravenous injection (68.9%) in the tail vein. Bioluminescence was the most used frequently used tool (64%), and was used as a surrogate for tumor growth for efficacy treatment or for the evaluation of tumorigenicity in miRNA-transfected cells (29.9%); for tracking, evaluation of engraftment and for response to therapy in metastatic models (50.6%). Conclusions: This review provides a systematic and focused analysis of all the information available and related to the imaging protocols with which to test miRNA therapy in an in vivo mice model of breast cancer, and has the purpose of providing an important tool to suggest the best preclinical imaging protocol based on available evidence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6020
Issue number23
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2021


  • Breast cancer
  • Mice models
  • MiRNAs
  • Preclinical imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research


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