Platelet activating factor (PAF) as a mediator of injury in nephrotoxic nephritis

T. Bertani, M. Livio, D. Macconi, M. Morigi, G. Bisogno, C. Patrono, G. Remuzzi

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Release of acetyl glyceryl ether phosphorylcholine, platelet-activating factor (PAF), has been demonstrated to be associated with glomerular inflammatory damage in acute serum sickness. Moreover, PAF can increase glomerular permeability to proteins and induce mesangial contraction. Thus PAF might be a good candidate as a mediator of glomerular damage. However the in vivo evidence that PAF might cause glomerular injury is lacking. To evaluate if PAF has a major role in promoting glomerular inflammatory reaction and fibrin deposition, we studied the effect of a molecule, L-652,731, which blocks the PAF receptor, on the evolution of an experimental model of anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) glomerulonephritis (GN). GN was initiated by sheep-anti-rabbit nephrotoxic serum. A proliferative GN regularly occurred in which heavy proteinuria, intra and extracapillary proliferation of resident and inflammatory cells and fibrin deposition in Bowman's capsule were the prominent findings. Our results showed that the PAF receptor antagonist reduces the glomerular damage in anti-GBM GN, supporting the hypothesis that PAF is indeed a mediator of glomerular inflammatory reaction. PAF receptor blocking prevented renal function deterioration in the early phase of the disease, probably preserving glomerular hemodynamics. In the delayed phase of the disease the PAF receptor antagonist reduced proteinuria and prevented renal function deterioration and fibrin deposition. These effects appear to be mediated by an inhibitory action of PAF receptor blocking on macrophage accumulation and activation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1256
Number of pages9
JournalKidney International
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1987

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nephrology


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