Oxidative DNA damage accumulation in gastric carcinogenesis

F. Farinati, R. Cardin, P. Degan, M. Rugge, F. Di Mario, P. Bonvicini, R. Naccarato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background - Gastric carcinogenesis is a multifactorial, multistep process, in which chronic inflammation plays a major role. Aims - In order to ascertain whether free radical mediated oxidative DNA damage is involved in such a process, concentrations of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine (8OHdG), a mutagenic/carcinogenic adduct, and thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), as an indirect measure of free radical mediated damage, were determined in biopsy specimens from patients undergoing endoscopy. Patients - Eighty eight patients were divided into histological subgroups as follows: 27 with chronic non-atrophic gastritis, 41 with atrophic gastritis, six with gastric cancer, and 14 unaffected controls. Methods - Intestinal metaplasia, Helicobacter pylori infection, and disease activity were semiquantitatively scored. 8OHdG concentrations were assessed by HPLC with electrochemical detection, and TBARS concentrations were fluorimetrically assayed. Results- 8OHdG concentrations (mean number of adducts/105 dG residues) were significantly higher in chronic atrophic gastritis (p=0.0009). Significantly higher concentrations were also detected in the presence of severe disease activity (p=0.02), intestinal metaplasia (p=0.035), and H pylori infection (p=0.001). TBARS concentrations were also higher in atrophic gastritis, though not significantly so. In a multiple logistic regression analysis, 8OHdG concentrations correlated best with the presence and severity of H pylori infection (r=0.53, p=0.002). Conclusions - Chronic gastritis is characterised by the accumulation of oxidative DNA damage with mutagenic and carcinogenic potential. H pylori infection is the major determinant for DNA adduct formation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)351-356
Number of pages6
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1998


  • Free radicals
  • Gastric carcinogenesis
  • Oxidative DNA damage
  • Peroxidative damage
  • Precancerous changes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology


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