Over-constrained kinematic of the medial compartment leads to lower clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty

Nicola Pizza, Stefano Di Paolo, Raffaele Zinno, Giulio Maria Marcheggiani Muccioli, Piero Agostinone, Domenico Alesi, Marco Bontempi, Stefano Zaffagnini, Laura Bragonzoni

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


PURPOSE: To investigate if postoperative clinical outcomes correlate with specific kinematic patterns after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) surgery. The hypothesis was that the group of patients with higher clinical outcomes would have shown postoperative medial pivot kinematics, while the group of patients with lower clinical outcomes would have not.

METHODS: 52 patients undergoing TKA surgery were prospectively evaluated at least a year of follow-up (13.5 ± 6.8 months) through clinical and functional Knee Society Score (KSS), and kinematically through dynamic radiostereometric analysis (RSA) during a sit-to-stand motor task. Patients received posterior-stabilized TKA design. Based on the result of the KSS, patients were divided into two groups: "KSS > 70 group", patients with a good-to-excellent score (93.1 ± 6.8 points, n = 44); "KSS < 70 group", patients with a fair-to-poor score (53.3 ± 18.3 points, n = 8). The anteroposterior (AP) low point (lowest femorotibial contact points) translation of medial and lateral femoral compartments was compared through Student's t test (p < 0.05).

RESULTS: Low point AP translation of the medial compartment was significantly lower (p < 0.05) than the lateral one in both the KSS > 70 (6.1 mm ± 4.4 mm vs 10.7 mm ± 4.6 mm) and the KSS < 70 groups (2.7 mm ± 3.5 mm vs 11.0 mm ± 5.6 mm). Furthermore, the AP translation of the lateral femoral compartment was not significantly different (p > 0.05) between the two groups, while the AP translation of the medial femoral compartment was significantly higher for the KSS > 70 group (p = 0.0442).

CONCLUSION: In the group of patients with a postoperative KSS < 70, the medial compartment translation was almost one-fourth of the lateral one. Surgeons should be aware that an over-constrained kinematic of the medial compartment might lead to lower clinical outcomes.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)661-667
Number of pages7
JournalKnee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Clinical outcomes
  • Kinematics
  • Posterior stabilized
  • RSA
  • Total knee replacement


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