NutricheQ Questionnaire assesses the risk of dietary imbalances in toddlers from 1 through 3 years of age

Giuseppe S. Morino, Giulia Cinelli, Ilaria Di Pietro, Vittoria Papa, Nicola Spreghini, Melania Manco

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Although a nutrient-poor diet may affect children's growth, especially early in life, few tools to assess dietary imbalances in 1- to 3-year-old children have been developed. Objectives: To investigate the accuracy and test-retest reliability of the NutricheQ Questionnaire in the identification of toddlers with the risk of inadequate intake of micro- and macronutrients in a sample of Italian toddlers. Design: A 3-day weighed food record was performed, and results were compared with outcomes of the NutricheQ Questionnaire in 201 toddlers (training set: 1-3 years old). The accuracy of NutricheQ in the identification of categories of nutritional risk was evaluated using the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Test-retest of the tool was estimated using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) and the Cronbach's alpha statistic, in a validation set of 50 toddlers. Results: The NutricheQ Questionnaire is a valid tool for the identification of toddlers at risk for dietary imbalances. Significant differences in nutrient intake (p

Original languageEnglish
Article number29686
JournalFood and Nutrition Research
Publication statusPublished - Dec 18 2015


  • Diet
  • Dietary deficiency
  • Iron
  • Micronutrient intake
  • Nutritional questionnaire
  • Preschooler
  • Vitamin D deficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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