Normal distribution of an intravascular ultrasound index of vessel remodeling

Francesco Prati, Filippo Crea, Antonella Labellarte, Luigi Sommariva, Paola Marino, Eugenio Caradonna, Alessandro Manzoli, Alessandro Pappalardo, Alessandro Boccanelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background. As a consequence of plaque accumulation, coronary arteries may undergo both compensatory enlargement and paradoxical constriction. The aim of this study was to address the distribution of the different remodeling patterns in patients with obstructive coronary atherosclerosis. Methods. Eighty-seven non-branching segments of native coronary arteries with de novo, focal, non-ostial lesions were imaged at intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Images were acquired with a motorized pull-back at a speed of 0.5 mm/s. The cross-sectional area (CSA) circumscribed by the external elastic membrane (EEM), the plaque + media complex and the lumen area were measured at its narrowest site (CSA with the minimal lumen area) and in the reference segment (average of proximal and distal reference cross-sections, defined as the most normal looking sites). The IVUS index of vessel remodeling (VRI) was calculated using the following formula: (narrowest site EEM CSA - reference EEM CSA)/reference EEM CSA*100. The index was tested for normality using the Kolmogorov-Smirnov goodness-of-fit test. Results. The frequency distribution of VRI was found to have a normal unimodal distribution (p = 0.60). VRI ranged from -60 to +164, with a mean of 9.3 ± 28.0 and a median of 3.6. Frequency distribution of VRI slightly skewed towards right (skewness index 1.69). None of the analyzed clinical and morphological variables predicted the presence of compensatory enlargement as opposed to paradoxical constriction. Conclusions. The frequency distribution of the vascular remodeling of de novo coronary lesions is unimodal. Therefore, compensatory enlargement and paradoxical constriction represent the extremes of a continuous spectrum.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)710-714
Number of pages5
JournalItalian Heart Journal
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2002


  • Atherosclerosis
  • Intravascular ultrasound
  • Remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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