Neuro sweet syndrome: a systematic review. A rare complication of Sweet syndrome

Francesco Drago, Giulia Ciccarese, Arianna Fay Agnoletti, Francesca Sarocchi, Aurora Parodi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Sweet’s syndrome (SS) is an inflammatory disease characterized by fever, leucocytosis and distinctive skin lesions that histologically consist of a dermal infiltrate of neutrophils with nuclear fragmentation. Aseptic neutrophilic inflammation may occur also in other organs. Central nervous system involvement in SS, Neuro-Sweet’s syndrome (NSS), is rare and reported especially among Asian patients. A systematic review of the literature has been performed to find articles reporting cases of SS with neurological involvement. The search terms: “Sweet’s syndrome/disease with neurological involvement, Neuro Sweet Syndrome/Disease” were used in the Pubmed Database. Sixty-nine NSS patients including 46 males and 23 females, more Asian than Caucasian, have been described from 1983 to date. The average age was 48.7 year-old. The most representative neurologic symptom was the altered state of consciousness, followed by headache and memory disorders. Differently from SS with skin or other district involvement, NSS appears to be more common in Asian patients than in Caucasian ones and affects mainly the male sex in the third or fourth decade of life. A very wide range of symptoms and signs can occur, depending on which part of the nervous system is affected. Initial presentation is usually with the SS typical skin lesions followed by neurological involvement. However, also an opposite presentation or a simultaneous skin and nervous involvement may happen. Awareness of the possible neurological complications in SS is important to avoid unnecessary therapies for other forms of meningoencephalitis and lead to successful treatment with systemic corticosteroids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalActa Neurologica Belgica
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017


  • Encephalitis
  • Meningitis
  • Neuro-Bechet disease
  • Neuro-sweet syndrome
  • Sweet syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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