Nasal reconstruction with the two stages vs three stages forehead flap. A three centres experience over ten years.

D. Ribuffo, F. Serratore, E. Cigna, V. Sorvillo, M. Guerra, S. Bucher, N. Scuderi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In nasal reconstruction all anatomic layers as cover, lining, and support, have to be replaced to restore proper aesthetics. Forehead skin has been acknowledged as the best donor site to resurface the nose. Traditionally forehead flap reconstruction is performed in two stages, but Millard described an intermediate third stage between flap transfer and pedicle division. This study compared the two methods. The study enrolled 31 patients undergoing total or subtotal nose reconstruction between January 2001 and January 2012. 20 patients underwent to the two-step technique (2S Group), and 11 the three-step technique (3S Group). Thickness of the flap was measured in three different areas. A plastic surgeon not involved in the study completed an evaluation questionnaire to assess aesthetic satisfaction (VAS = 1-10). The total number of procedures performed (including revisions) ranged from 3 to 6. The average number of procedures performed in group 2S patients was 4 (range: 3-6) in the group 3S was 3.46 (range: 3-5). VAS mean values were studied with t Student test and were found to be significant. The timing of thinning of the flap and detachment of the pedicle varies among Authors. There are generally two trends: defatting of the flap before the pedicle transection, performed usually 3 weeks from flap harvesting and defatting a few months after disconnection of the pedicle. We think this technique is suited for defects including underlying structures and particularly for all those defects located in the distal part of the nose (tip and nostrils).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1866-1872
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Issue number13
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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