Motor Imagery and Sport Performance: A Systematic Review on the PETTLEP Model

Giovanni Morone, Sheida Ghanbari Ghooshchy, Claudia Pulcini, Emanuele Spangu, Pierluigi Zoccolotti, Marialuisa Martelli, Grazia Fernanda Spitoni, Valentina Russo, Irene Ciancarelli, Stefano Paolucci, Marco Iosa

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Featured Application: The reviewed studies reported evidence supporting the effectiveness of motor imagery based on the PETTLEP model for strength increase and pain management, suggesting implementation of this practice into physical training routines. The aim of this review is to critically analyze the evidence provided throughout the years regarding the application of motor imagery (MI) in sport performance, focusing on the PETTLEP approach. Among the different MI approaches, in fact, the PETTLEP model takes into account many different domains for increasing the performance of athletes. These domains include physical features, the environment, task-related aspects, timing, learning, emotion, and perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9753
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • motor imagery
  • PETTLEP model
  • psychology
  • sport
  • strength
  • training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Instrumentation
  • Engineering(all)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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