Mood and anxiety disorders across the adult lifespan: A European perspective

R. D. McDowell, A. Ryan, B. P. Bunting, S. M. O'Neill, J. Alonso, R. Bruffaerts, R. De Graaf, S. Florescu, G. Vilagut, J. M C De Almeida, G. De Girolamo, J. M. Haro, H. Hinkov, V. Kovess-Masfety, H. Matschinger, T. Tomov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background The World Mental Health Survey Initiative (WMHSI) has advanced our understanding of mental disorders by providing data suitable for analysis across many countries. However, these data have not yet been fully explored from a cross-national lifespan perspective. In particular, there is a shortage of research on the relationship between mood and anxiety disorders and age across countries. In this study we used multigroup methods to model the distribution of 12-month DSM-IV/CIDI mood and anxiety disorders across the adult lifespan in relation to determinants of mental health in 10 European Union (EU) countries. Method Logistic regression was used to model the odds of any mood or any anxiety disorder as a function of age, gender, marital status, urbanicity and employment using a multigroup approach (n = 35500). This allowed for the testing of specific lifespan hypotheses across participating countries. Results No simple geographical pattern exists with which to describe the relationship between 12-month prevalence of mood and anxiety disorders and age. Of the adults sampled, very few aged â

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)707-722
Number of pages16
JournalPsychological Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2014


  • Ageing
  • Anxiety disorders
  • CIDI
  • Europe
  • Mood disorders
  • Multigroup

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Applied Psychology


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