Moebius syndrome and hydrosyringomyelia: Description of a New Association

Luciana Losito, Leonarda Gennaro, Marilena Cacudi, Marta De Rinaldis, Antonio Trabacca

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The diagnosis of Moebius syndrome, a rare congenital disorder, is primarily based on congenital facial and abducent nerve palsy. Involvement of other cranial nerves is also common. Occasionally the V, X, XI, and XII cranial nerves are involved, resulting in a difficulty to chew, swallow, and cough, which often leads to respiratory complications. Mental retardation and autism have been reported in some cases. Moebius syndrome can be associated with orofacial anomalies and limb malformations. The authors describe a patient with a confirmed diagnosis of Moebius syndrome associated with hydrosyringomyelia. No case of Moebius syndrome involving primarily the spinal cord has been reported so far. This patient did not present with other factors directly linked to syringomyelia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)798-801
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Child Neurology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013


  • abducent
  • children
  • cranial nerves
  • facial
  • hydrosyringomyelia
  • Moebius syndrome

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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