Lysyl oxidase regulates MMTV promoter: Indirect evidence of histone H1 involvement

Roberta Oleggini, Armando Di Donato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Lysyl oxidase (LOX) is the enzyme that facilitates the cross-linking of collagen and elastin, although other functions for this enzyme have been indicated. Of these other functions, we describe herein the ability of LOX to regulate several gene promoters, like collagen III, elastin, and cyclin D1. We have previously demonstrated a specific binding between LOX and histone H1, in vitro. Therefore, we investigated whether LOX would affect the mouse mammary tumor virus (MMTV) promoter and its glucocorticoid regulation, which depends on the phophorylation status of histone H1. Our results show that the over-expression of recombinant human LOX was able to trigger MMTV activity, both in the presence and absence of glucocorticoids. Moreover, we demonstrated that histone H1 from cells expressing recombinant LOX contained isodesmosine and desmosine, indicating specific lysyl-oxidase-dependent lysine modifications. Finally, we were able to co-immunoprecipitate the exogenous LOX and histone H1 from the LOX transfected cells. The data are compatible with a decreased positive charge of histone H1, owing to deamination by LOX of its lysine residues. This event would favor H1 detachment from the target DNA, and consequent opening of the MMTV promoter structure to the activating transcription factors. The presented data, therefore, suggest a possible histone-H1-dependent mechanism for the modulation of MMTV promoter by LOX.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)522-532
Number of pages11
JournalBiochemistry and Cell Biology
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2011


  • Glucocorticoids
  • Histone H1
  • Lysyl oxidase
  • MMTV promoter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology
  • Molecular Biology


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