PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the safety and efficacy of using the Nidek EC5000 excimer laser for photorefractive keratectomy to correct hyperopia and hyperopic astigmatism. METHODS: We treated 67 eyes of 44 patients for hyperopia and hyperopic astigmatism with the Nidek EC-5000 excimer laser. The algorithm provided an ablation zone of 5.5 mm diameter with the addition of a tapered transition zone of 3.5 mm diameter, for a total ablation of 9 mm diameter. RESULTS: Uncorrected visual acuity (geometrical mean) changed from 0.16 to 0.37 at 12 months; corrected visual acuity (geometrical mean) changed from 0.8 to 0.89; mean sphere decreased by 2.08 D from 3.76 to 1.40 D (range, 1.70 to 1.68 D) and cylinder by 1.40 D from 2.20 to 1.00 D. Refractive results for ≤3.00 D were reasonably accurate and stable, but for >+3.00 D, undercorrection and regression over 1 year were the rule. CONCLUSION: Hyperopic PRK proved to be a safe technique in regard to the risk of loss of visual acuity with no central corneal opacities and with a generally rapid recovery of baseline spectacle-corrected visual acuity, but the predictability of correction greater than +3.00 needs improvement.
|Journal||Journal of Refractive Surgery|
|Issue number||2 SUPPL.|
|Publication status||Published - 1998|
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