Lynch syndrome is a peculiar disease, accounting for 5% of the total burden of colon cancer. Characteristics of this disease are autosomal dominant transmission, early onset, and frequent right colon localization. Diagnostic criteria, aimed to collaborative studies, are based on these features (so called Amsterdam criteria). Lynch syndrome has specific biomolecular features (microsatellite instability); mismatch repair genes have been identified as responsible of this syndrome. Lynch syndrome causes high risk for extracolonic malignancies, particularly for endometrial cancer, supposed to be related to mutation of hMSH2 gene. Another feature of Lynch syndrome tumours is better survival with respect to sporadic counterpart. Genetic test allows identifying the state of mutation carriers and selects the patients to submit to screening. Endoscopic screening has been demonstrated to reduce incidence of colorectal malignancies in this syndrome.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - Sept 1999|
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