Kidney transplantation combined with other organs: Experience of Bologna S. Orsola Hospital

B. Nardo, P. Beltempo, R. Montalti, R. Bertelli, G. Cavallari, G. Ercolani, A. Lauro, G. Grazi, P. M. Mikus, E. Pilato, E. Mikus, G. Arpesella, A. Pinna, S. Stefoni, A. Cavallari, A. Faenza

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Aim. We report a series of patients who underwent combined heart-kidney transplantation (CHKT) and combines liver-kidney transplantation (CLKT) at a single center. Methods. From January 1997 to October 2004, 13 CLKT and 2 CHKT were performed. The CLKT indications were as follows: polycystic disease (2), kidney polycystic disease associated with Caroli (1) and cirrhosis-hepatitis C virus (HCVs) (1), chronic glomerulonephritis with cirrhosis-HCV (4), and other diseases (5). From December 2003 to October 2004, 2 patients underwent CHKT for idiopathic cardiomyopathy plus glomerulonephritis and ischemic cardiomyopathy associated with vascular nephritis. Results. In the CLKT group, 1 patient had acute rejection involving both liver and kidney grafts, whereas 1 patient had liver rejection and another 1 had kidney rejection alone. Of the 13 patients, 10 are alive with a mean survival of 583 days (range, 36-2688 days); 2 patients died within 1 month of transplantation (both with polycystic disease) due to ARDS and MOF. Another patient died 6 years and 9 months after CLKT of metastasis from a de novo tumor. In the CHKT group, no patient suffered heart-kidney rejection. They are all alive at 333 and 116 days, with heart and kidney allografts functioning well. Conclusion. In the CLKT group, the worst results were for patients with polycystic disease, in whom a more rigorous selection is necessary because of greater technical difficulties. For the remaining patients we had acceptable complications and excellent long-term results. In selected cases, CHKT can provide long-term graft function and patient survival. Our experience indicates that end-stage kidney failure combined with liver or heart failure does not necessarily preclude dual-organ transplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2469-2471
Number of pages3
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Transplantation


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