Intrasurgical plasmin enzyme in diabetic macular edema

Claudio Azzolini, Armando D'Angelo, Gisella Maestranzi, Marco Codenotti, Patrizia Della Valle, Matteo Prati, Rosario Brancato

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To evaluate in a prospective study the efficacy of intrasurgical autologous plasmin enzyme (APE) in producing posterior vitreous detachment. Consecutive, interventional case series. A group of 12 eyes of 11 patients with diabetic macular edema secondary to posterior vitreous cortex contraction was considered. A quantity of 0.1- to 0.2-ml containing 0.8 to 1.2 IU of APE prepared by our Coagulation Service was injected into the vitreous body 25 minutes before surgery. The efficacy of the APE was subjectively evaluated. A control group of 10 eyes with the same clinical characteristics underwent the same surgery without APE injection. Complete eye examinations, including optical coherence tomography, were performed on all patients before surgery and during the 1-year follow-up period. During surgery in the APE-treated group, the posterior vitreous cortex was judged adherent in three cases, partially detached in six cases, and totally detached in three cases. In two cases a complete collapse of the vitreous body was observed. During surgery in the non-APE-treated group, the posterior vitreous cortex was judged still adherent in nine of 10 eyes and partially detached in 1 eye. Comparing the postoperative results between the APE-treated group and the non-APE-treated group, we found no significant differences in final postoperative retinal thickness (P =. 2552), whereas we found a significant difference in final visual acuity (P =. 0121). Autologous plasmin enzyme was useful in inducing a pharmacologic posterior vitreous detachment and in facilitating surgery. It did not seem to interfere with the final retinal thickness, and it ameliorates the final visual acuity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)560-566
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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