Innate immunity and hepatitis C virus infection: A microarrays view

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Hepatitis C virus (HCV) induces a chronic infection in more than two-thirds of HCV infected subjects. The inefficient innate and adaptive immune responses have been shown to play a major pathogenetic role in the development and persistence of HCV chronic infection. Several aspects of the interactions between the virus and the host immune system have been clarified and, in particular, mechanisms have been identified which underlie the ability of HCV to seize and subvert innate as well as adaptive immune responses. The present review summarizes recent findings on the interaction between HCV infection and innate immune response whose final effect is the downstream inefficient development of antigen-specific adaptive immunity, thereby contributing to virus persistence.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
JournalInfectious Agents and Cancer
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • HCV
  • Innate immunity
  • Interferon stimulated genes (ISGs)
  • Pattern recognition receptors (PRRs)
  • Systems biology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Oncology
  • Epidemiology
  • Cancer Research


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