Incidence, risk factors and short-term mortality of stroke in Vittoria, southern Italy

F. Iemolo, E. Beghi, C. Cavestro, A. Micheli, A. Giordano, E. Caggia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We determined the incidence, risk factors, and short-term mortality of stroke in a well-defined area of southern Italy, i.e. the city of Vittoria, Sicily (58 833 inhabitants). The medical records of the local hospitals and the outpatient files of the local neurologist referring to the calendar year 1991 were retrospectively investigated. Stroke was defined according to standard criteria and classified as first-ever (FE) and recurrent (R). Risk factors for stroke were diagnosed from medical history, laboratory and instrumental findings, and in the presence of specific treatments. Short-term mortality was assessed as 30-day case-fatality rate. The sample included 120 cases (61 men) aged 34-94 years, 89 of whom (48 men) had a FE stroke. The overall annual crude incidence rate of FE stroke was 165.3 per 100 000 (men, 178.4; women 152.2); for FE and R stroke together it was 222.9 (men, 226.8; women 219.1). The standardized rates were 245.3 (FE stroke) and 321.9 (FE and R stroke). The age-specific rates for FE stroke were 9.4 (

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)15-21
Number of pages7
JournalNeurological Sciences
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Mortality
  • Occurrence
  • Risk factors
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


Dive into the research topics of 'Incidence, risk factors and short-term mortality of stroke in Vittoria, southern Italy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this