The effect of malondialdehyde on structural features of bovine a-crystallin has been investigated by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopy as well as by far-UV circular dichroism. Experimental evidence suggests the occurrence of intermolecular cross-linking induced by malondialdehyde. This cross-linking does not seem to affect the tryptophan environment, as suggested by intrinsic protein fluorescence. On the contrary, the time dependence of far-UV dichroic activity indicates that the cross-linking is accompanied by a secondary structure change. The formation of high molecular mass aggregates, evidenced by electrophoresis in denaturing conditions, leads to irreversible α-crystallin aggregation due to extensive intermolecular cross-linking. Since malondialdehyde is produced in vivo as a breakdown product of lipid peroxidation, the possible involvement of this molecule in the pathological mechanism of cataract formation has been briefly discussed.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Peptide and Protein Research|
|Publication status||Published - 1994|
- α-crystallin cross-linking
- Eye lens
- Lipid peroxidation
ASJC Scopus subject areas