Identification of an intramolecular interaction important for the regulation of GIT1 functions

Antonio Totaro, Simona Paris, Claudia Asperti, Ivan De Curtis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


G-protein coupled receptor kinase-interacting protein (GIT) proteins include an N-terminal Arf GTPase-activating protein domain, and a C terminus that binds proteins regulating adhesion and motility. Given their ability to form large molecular assemblies, the GIT1 protein must be tightly regulated. However, the mechanisms regulating GIT1 functions are poorly characterized. We found that carboxy-terminal-truncated fragments of GIT1 bind their partners with higher efficiency compared with the full-length GIT1. We have explored the hypothesis that GIT1 is regulated by an intramolecular mechanism, and we identified two distinct intramolecular interactions between the N and C terminus of GIT1. The release of these interactions increases binding of GIT1 to paxillin and liprin-α, and it correlates with effects on cell spreading. Analysis of cells plated on fibronectin has shown that different deletion mutants of GIT1 either enhance or inhibit spreading, depending on their subcellular localization. Moreover, although the association between βPIX and GIT1 is insufficient to activate GIT1 binding to paxillin, binding of a PAK1 fragment including the βPIX-binding domain enhances paxillin binding to βPIX/GIT1, indicating that p21-activated kinase can activate the binding of paxillin to GIT1 by a kinase-independent mechanism. The release of the identified intramolecular interaction seems to be an important mechanism for the regulation of GIT1 functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5124-5138
Number of pages15
JournalMolecular Biology of the Cell
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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