"Hypersynchronisation" by tissue velocity imaging in patients with cardiac amyloidosis

D. Bellavia, P. A. Pellikka, T. P. Abraham, G. B. Al-Zahrani, A. Dispenzieri, J. K. Oh, R. E. Espinosa, C. G. Scott, C. Miyazaki, F. A. Miller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: It is unknown if some patients with cardiac amyloidosis (CA) have mechanical dyssynchrony, as has been demonstrated in patients with ischaemic and dilated cardiomyopathies. The aim of this study was to assess mechanical dyssynchrony in patients with CA using tissue velocity imaging (TVI) and to define its usefulness for risk stratification. Design and patients: We included 121 patients with primary amyloidosis and 37 age-matched and sexmatched controls. Patients were divided into two groups: 60 with advanced-CA and 61 with no-advanced-CA, according to left ventricular (LV) wall thickness and diastolic dysfunction. Dyssynchrony assessment included: (1) atrioventricular dyssynchrony (dys), (2) interventricular dys, (3) intraventricular dys assessed longitudinally, using the standard deviation of time to systolic peak velocity (Ts-SD) of the 12 basal and mid level LV segments, and (4) intraventricular dys assessed radially, using the difference in radial Ts between mid anteroseptal and mid posterior segments. Outcome: Primary end-point was all-cause death. During a median follow-up of 13 months there were 35 events among patients. Results: Contrary to the hypothesis, the intraventricular dys indices in advanced-CA patients were reduced compared to either the no-advanced-CA group or to controls (Ts-SD: 12.1 (9.0); 35.1 (18.6); 24.5 (14.1), respectively, p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)234-240
Number of pages7
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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