Hemophilia A in the third millennium

Massimo Franchini, Pier Mannuccio Mannucci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hemophilia A is an X-linked hereditary bleeding disorder due to the deficiency of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII). According to the degree of FVIII deficiency, mild, moderate or severe forms are recognized. Although patients with mild hemophilia A usually bleed excessively only after trauma or surgery, those with severe hemophilia experience frequent episodes of spontaneous or excessive bleeding after minor trauma, particularly into joints and muscles. The modern management of hemophilia began in the 1970s and is actually based upon several plasma-derived or recombinant FVIII products. In addition, the synthetic drug desmopressin can be used to prevent or treat bleeding episodes in patients with mild hemophilia A. Long-term and continuous substitution therapy (prophylaxis), the recommended treatment in severe hemophilia, prevents bleeding and the resultant joint damage. In the last twenty years the high standard of hemophilia care has greatly improved the quality of life of patients and their life expectancy has reached that of the non-hemophilic male population, at least in high-income countries. The most serious and challenging complication of treatment of hemophilia A is the development of inhibitors, which renders FVIII concentrate infusion ineffective and exposes patients to an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. In this narrative review, the actual knowledge on the clinical features and management of patients with hemophilia A is summarized.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-184
Number of pages6
JournalBlood Reviews
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2013


  • Bleeding
  • Desmopressin
  • Factor VIII concentrates
  • Hemophilia A
  • Inhibitor
  • Therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Oncology


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